Helps in higher education
Research and development
Helps to Perform well
The scholarships are quite handsome that there is no need to work on part time basis to make extra money. To make extra money, one can work over time for which they will be paid double usual rate. This further consolidates the work take up in research making them more focused in the area than wasting time by diverting mind.
Helps in broadening research and collaborations: Some universities participate in student exchange programs. This exchange exists in between universities of different nations. This is a way to enhance collaboration in between labs. Doing so can help labs access to resources unavailable in their countries. The resources include medicinal plants, culture & linguistic diversity, environment, agriculture, animals, birds, minerals etc.
For government, the research is a way to gain better technology and expert human workforce. Without scholarships or fellowships it would be difficult for students to take up research. Nuclear energy, networking (even Google search technology), medicine, enhanced agricultural output were possible out of research.